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Invisibility Kit for Muggles!

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  • Invisibility Kit
  • Invisibility Kit
  • Refraction
$49.99 $49.00
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Product Description

Make Invisibility, VISIBLE - With the light science demonstration and light science experiment for grades 9+ based on the Rochester Cloak!

The Invisibility Kit allows you to use a set of 4 lenses, a meter stick and a little bit of math to make ordinary objects disappear before your very eyes! Making use of the refractive nature of light, the lenses cause light to bend around objects, rendering them INVISIBLE! Its a light science experiment your students will not forget!

KIT INCLUDES

Invisibility happens when an object that “should” bounce light into your eye does not. The object is present, but no light bounces from it into your eye, so it appears to “not be there”. Now, you can simply cover an object and no light from it will get into your eye, but that is not really invisibility in the way that we like to think about it. What we’d really like, is to be able to see around and behind the invisible object, as though it were not there at all. That’s a little more tricky.

One way to achieve invisibility is by bending light. Bending light is called refraction, and its actually something we see all the time. Check out that duck up there. Is it really split in half? No. It is not split in half. But it sure looks like it’s split in half. What’s going on? 

 REFRACTION

When light travels from one medium (air) into another (water, glass, plastic, etc.) it changes speed. This change in speed causes the light to “bend”. When light bends, it appears to come from somewhere other than where the object actually is. That’s what’s happening with the duck up there! Instead of bouncing off the duck directly into our eyes in a  straight line the way light usually does, the light travels from outside the water, into the water where it bounces off the duck, through the water and then back out of the water and THEN into our eyes. All that traveling in and out of the water causes the light to bend in such a way that what we end up seeing is a duck whose bottom half has shifted and looks as though it’s been cut in half! 

 THE ROCHESTER CLOAK

It turns out that by using a set of 4 lenses, scientists at the University of Rochester have figured out a pretty cool way to make light bend around objects so that all you can see is what’s behind them! Let’s go ahead and replicate it with your kit to make some things invisible. Instructions and mathematical explanations included!

Product Videos

The Rochester Cloak (02:53)
For more information about John Howell’s research, please visit: http://www.rochester.edu/newscenter/compressive-sensing-provides-new-approach-to-measuring-a-quantum-system/ http://www.rochester.edu/news/show.php?id=2723 Researchers at the University of Rochester Create a Three-dimensional,Transmitting, Continuously Multidirectional Cloaking Device (To read the full press release, visit: http://www.rochester.edu/newscenter/watch-rochester-cloak-uses-ordinary-lenses-to-hide-objects-across-continuous-range-of-angles-70592/) Inspired perhaps by Harry Potter’s invisibility cloak, scientists have recently developed several ways—some simple and some involving new technologies—to hide objects from view. The latest effort, developed at the University of Rochester, not only overcomes some of the limitations of previous devices, but it uses inexpensive, readily available materials in a novel configuration. “There’ve been many high tech approaches to cloaking and the basic idea behind these is to take light and have it pass around something as if it isn’t there, often using high-tech or exotic materials,” said John Howell, a professor of physics at the University of Rochester. Forgoing the specialized components, Howell and graduate student Joseph Choi developed a combination of four standard lenses that keeps the object hidden as the viewer moves up to several degrees away from the optimal viewing position. “This is the first device that we know of that can do three-dimensional, continuously multidirectional cloaking, which works for transmitting rays in the visible spectrum,” said Choi, a PhD student at Rochester’s Institute of Optics. Many cloaking designs work fine when you look at an object straight on, but if you move your viewpoint even a little, the object becomes visible, explains Howell. Choi added that previous cloaking devices can also cause the background to shift drastically, making it obvious that the cloaking device is present. In order to both cloak an object and leave the background undisturbed, the researchers determined the lens type and power needed, as well as the precise distance to separate the four lenses. To test their device, they placed the cloaked object in front of a grid background. As they looked through the lenses and changed their viewing angle by moving from side to side, the grid shifted accordingly as if the cloaking device was not there. There was no discontinuity in the grid lines behind the cloaked object, compared to the background, and the grid sizes (magnification) matched. The Rochester Cloak can be scaled up as large as the size of the lenses, allowing fairly large objects to be cloaked. And, unlike some other devices, it’s broadband so it works for the whole visible spectrum of light, rather than only for specific frequencies. Their simple configuration improves on other cloaking devices, but it’s not perfect. “This cloak bends light and sends it through the center of the device, so the on-axis region cannot be blocked or cloaked,” said Choi. This means that the cloaked region is shaped like a doughnut. He added that they have slightly more complicated designs that solve the problem. Also, the cloak has edge effects, but these can be reduced when sufficiently large lenses are used. In a new paper published in the journal Optics Express (http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?uri=oe-22-24-29465), Howell and Choi provide a mathematical formalism for this type of cloaking that can work for angles up to 15 degrees, or more. They use a technique called ABCD matrices that describes how light bends when going through lenses, mirrors, or other optical elements. While their device is not quite like Harry Potter’s invisibility cloak, Howell had some thoughts about potential applications, including using cloaking to effectively let a surgeon “look through his hands to what he is actually operating on,” he said. The same principles could be applied to a truck to allow drivers to see through blind spots on their vehicles. Howell became interested in creating simple cloaking devices with off-the-shelf materials while working on a holiday project with his children. Together with his 14 year-old son and Choi, he recently published a paper about some of the possibilities, and also demonstrated simple cloaking with mirrors, like magicians would use. Note: A patent has been filed for this cloaking device. Please contact UR Ventures for additional information: http://www.rochester.edu/ventures/about/who-are-we/
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